The winter resorts of Europe’s Alps and Dolomites are legendary, not only for their superb skiing, but for the postcard Alpine villages and celebrity-studded resort towns at their bases.
Spectacular seems an inadequate description of the scenery, and lift systems at many of them make access between several mountains possible on a single trip – often in a single day. One ski run can take several hours, beginning high in the mountains and dropping right into the heart of the village below.
At many ski resorts in Europe, there’s no excuse for repeating the same run twice during a vacation. High altitudes – more than a dozen peaks in Italy’s Dolomites alone exceed 3,000 meters, and the Alps soar even higher – mean reliable snow conditions, so there’s a long season when you can depend on gliding through powder.
Remember that these mountains are not just for expert skiers, although most are filled with challenges for the best of them: off-piste terrain, couloirs (narrow corridors), tree-studded steeps, and mega-moguls. Most resorts have easy and intermediate terrain, and many have dedicated slopes and lifts just for learners and beginners.
Each resort has its own character and style, not to mention incomparable views of snowcapped peaks. So choose according to your own personal tastes in a ski holiday – you won’t be disappointed in the skiing at any of these outstanding resorts in France, Switzerland, Austria, Italy and Germany.
What to Expect for the 2021/2022 Ski Season in Europe: Throughout Alpine Europe, significant changes continue in response to public health concerns. Each country has its own approach: Austria has national rules in place for all resorts; Italy has national rules that apply as needed to specific regions; Switzerland has basic national rules, leaving the rest to its separate cantons. In France, the organization representing ski resorts and regions has established standard rules.
Many measures are the same: masks required in all indoor areas and on closed lifts, restricted après-ski activities, competitions and festivals canceled or curtailed, reduced capacity in lodges and on lifts.
Check the resort’s website frequently before making plans. Each country has its own government website that gives the current regulations for entry, which may vary according to your country of origin. Be sure to check these before making reservations.
Although the first consideration in the listings below is the skiing, the ratings also consider the quality of the whole experience for skiers in all skill ranges. Plan your trip with our list of the best ski resorts in Europe.
Note: Some businesses may be temporarily closed due to recent global health and safety issues.
1. Courchevel, France
Courchevel is the largest and most famous of the several interlinked ski resorts known as Les Trois Vallées (Three Valleys), which form the largest ski domain in Europe. In addition to the 150 kilometers of alpine runs you can reach from Courchevel’s own 60 lifts, these link into access to a total of 600 kilometers of interconnected ski runs, plus four glaciers. The entire area is spread across 10 summits, with altitudes above 2,500 meters.
Add to these superlative statistics the fact that the resorts get an annual snowfall of four meters and have state-of-the-art grooming to keep their runs in top condition. In late March, 2022, Courchevel hosts the Alpine Ski World Cup slalom, downhill, Super G, and parallel events for both men and women.
Although Courchevel is a favorite of experts for its superb off-piste terrain, tree skiing, couloirs, mogul-studded steeps, each of Courchevel’s five separate villages has good terrain for beginners and intermediates; about one-fourth of Courchevel’s pistes are for beginners and one-third for intermediates.
Courchevel is especially family-friendly: free chairlifts serve the beginner areas, and magnetic safety vests for children are provided on lifts. In addition to its superlative skiing, Courchevel is renowned for its luxury accommodations and fine dining at several Michelin-starred restaurants.
2. Zermatt, Switzerland
With Switzerland’s greatest vertical drop and skiable terrain at altitudes as high as 3,900 meters, the highest winter sports area in the Alps has a lot more going for it than just a pretty face. But having the iconic landmark of the Matterhorn as a backdrop puts Zermatt and the mountainsides behind it on the top of most skiers’ wish lists. Not only does the Matterhorn give the town the most scenic setting of any in Europe, its distinctive profile is visible from much of the 350-kilometer trail system connected to Zermatt.
Zermatt is known for its long runs, some of which end right in the village – you can literally ski home. The Matterhorn Glacier Ride, which opened for the 2019 season, is the world’s highest 3S cableway and carries 2,000 skiers an hour to the glacier. At an altitude of 3,883 meters, the glacier makes year-round skiing possible.
The 10-person Kumme gondola to the Unterrothorn area began operating in December 2020, the first gondola in Switzerland that can run without staff. Under construction in 2022 is a year-round 100-passenger aerial tramway connecting Zermatt with the Testa Grigia border station between Switzerland and Italy.
To make this immense trail network safer and more accessible, skiers can download a free app, which uses GPS and adjusts for ability, weather, and snow conditions, as well as lift operations to guide skiers safely between locations.
For less experienced skiers, Wolli’s Park, at the top of the Sunnegga funicular, offers gentler terrain with the same smashing views. The southern face of the Matterhorn is in Italy, and experienced skiers can ski both countries in one day by skiing over the Theodul Pass and down into the Italian trail system.
3. Val d’Isere, France
Sharing a high valley surrounded by 3,000-meter peaks, Val d’Isère and neighboring Tignes offer 300 kilometers of skiable terrain served by more than 150 ski lifts. This comprises the vast Espace Killy, named for Olympic triple gold medal winner Jean-Claude Killy, a native of Val d’Isère. The lowest terrain is at an altitude of 1,550 meters, and the highest reaches to 3,450 meters, which helps keep the season open into May. You can usually be sure of skiing on the Glacier du Pisaillas into June or July.
There’s terrain for all skill levels, including slopes for children and beginners. Youngsters can ride covered magic-carpet lifts to gentle downhill slopes, and ski instruction here is among the best. A new Travelator, an enclosed magic-carpet from the top of a gondola, accesses a gentle high-altitude slope, so even beginning skiers can enjoy the thrill – and the views – of high-altitude skiing. The layout of the lifts is very skier-friendly, connecting skiers to different areas without long, level catwalk trails.
4. Cortina d’Ampezzo, Italy
High in the Italian Dolomites, the five ragged peaks of the Cinque Torri provide the chic town of Cortina D’Ampezzo a beautiful setting, as well as superb ski terrain. After the Winter Olympics were held here in 1956, the beautiful people followed, making Cortina, for many years, the preferred winter resort of the jet-setters. Although it now has a much broader clientele, it still has the chic shops and stylish entertainment venues you’d expect of a smart European ski resort.
But skiing is still the big draw. For all its Olympic-grade steeps and high-altitude snowfields, about half the skiable terrain is intermediate, and there is plenty of snow for beginners, too. Along with downhill skiing, Cortina offers miles of scenic cross-country ski trails, a bobsled run that is floodlit at night, and the Olympic rink for ice skaters.
Cortina is far from alone in the Dolomites, where a dozen resorts share a single Dolomiti Superski Pass that gives access to the lifts and trails of all of them. This includes smaller, more intimate resorts like Val Gardena, one of the several ski towns in adjacent valleys between the peaks known as the Gruppo del Sella.
Trails and lifts link nearly 400 kilometers of interconnected skiing, including the Marmolada Glacier. The entire area has been named a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Opening this season is the 10-person Son dei Prade-Cianzopè-Bai de Dones gondola, connecting the Tofana with the Cinque Torri area. The new gondola makes it possible for skiers to reach the Sellaronda and Dolomiti Superski area from Cortina’s village center with their skis on.
The FIS Women’s Downhill and Super G World Championships are scheduled in Cortina d’Ampezzo on January 22 and 23, 2022.
5. Chamonix, France
Its setting on snowcapped Mont Blanc, Europe’s tallest peak at 4,807 meters, would make Chamonix a skiing icon, even without the quintessential French Alpine village that lies at its base. The altitude of the mountain and the glaciers around Chamonix have a cooling effect that preserves the snow, assuring it some of the best and longest lasting snow conditions in the Alps.
Chamonix gained international fame as the site of the first Winter Olympics, fame which continued because it has some of the world’s most challenging terrain. You can ski slopes with the world’s greatest height differential at Grands Montets, one of the six different ski areas of Chamonix. The Verte piste, 3.5 kilometers of steeps and jumps, is used for World Cup races.
Less experienced skiers will like Brévent – Flégère areas, where they’ll find slopes for all skiing levels, along with spectacular panoramic views from some of the trails.
Beginners will enjoy the gentle runs of the Balme – Vallorcine ski area, and families will find good learning facilities at Domaine Skiable des Planards or La Vormaine areas.
6. St. Anton am Arlberg, Austria
Serious skiers head to Austria’s Arlberg region for no-nonsense high-challenge skiing, which they find on the more than a dozen super-expert runs at St. Anton. The longest of these is the demanding 10-kilometer Valluga-St. Anton, with an elevation differential of 1,347 meters.
But even the red-marked pistes here are well above the difficulty of other Alpine resorts. St. Anton is especially known for its roughly 200 off-piste options for advanced skiers – many are places to go with a guide – and its mega-moguls, especially on Schindler Kar.
Recently added lifts link St. Anton to ski pistes on the other side of the Flexen Pass, uniting it to the main resorts in the Arlberg: Lech, St. Christoph, Zürs, Stuben, and others for a combined total of 340 kilometers of pistes. These are all included in the regional Arlberg lift pass.
A spectacular new 85-kilometer circuit, the Run of Fame, takes experienced skiers through the entire Ski Arlberg skiing area. The circuit runs from St. Anton/Rendl via Zürs and Lech to Warth, circling back to St. Anton. An annual race, the Hunt of Fame, will be held on the new circuit.
You can board lifts right from the village, a traffic-free cluster of traditional Tyrolean lodges and inns, normally known for its lively après-ski scene.
7. Kitzbühel, Austria
Ski towns don’t get any prettier or more romantic than the walled village of Kitzbühel, in the Austrian Alps, not far from Innsbruck and Salzburg. Although its colorful, frescoed buildings house deluxe hotels and pricey shops like those of Cortina or St. Moritz, Kitzbühel also welcomes families and budget travelers with small family-run inns.
There’s also something for all skiers in Kitzbühel’s 170 kilometers of skiable pistes, and in the adjoining SkiWelt, where 280 more kilometers are served by 90 lifts.
The most challenging of all downhill races is held here annually, the notorious Hahnenkamm, on terrain as steep as 85 percent vertical in places. The small Bichlalm area is especially designed for riders and freestylers. Kitzbühel and the SkiWelt are connected by bus, and both are part of the Kitzbühel Alps AllStarCard, which includes nine different ski areas in Austria.
8. St. Moritz, Switzerland
The number of world ski competitions that have been hosted at St. Moritz should tell you something about this famous resort: this is world-class skiing. The Winter Olympics were held here in 1928 and 1948, and you can often see competitions at its Olympic ski-jump.
There’s plenty of ski terrain for non-Olympians, too. St. Moritz is known for its long intermediate runs and other outstanding intermediate terrain, and with more than 20 lifts to choose from, you’ll find slopes and pistes for every skill level. Above St. Moritz and reached from town by the Corviglia Funicular, trails from the 2,486-meter town of Corviglia have magnificent Alpine views.
St. Moritz is one of Europe’s first – some claim the first – winter resorts, and it still has a smart clientele and distinct air of luxury. There are plenty of things to do besides skiing: ice skating, tobogganing, Nordic skiing, bobsledding, and kite skiing. The St. Moritz Ice Cricket event will be held as scheduled, February 17-19, 2022.
9. Val Gardena, Italy
With the same world-class skiing as its neighboring Dolomite resort Cortina D’Ampezzo, but without the glitz or prices, the villages of Val Gardena offer a more casual, low-key experience.
Val Gardena’s 160 kilometers of trails and lifts connect with those in several adjacent valleys between the peaks of the Gruppo del Sella, creating nearly 400 kilometers of interconnected skiing that includes the Marmolada Glacier. Nearly two-thirds of the terrain reached from Val Gardena is for advanced and expert skiers, one of the highest percentages in the Dolomites. But beginning and intermediate skiers still have more than 130 kilometers to enjoy.
Don’t expect a vibrant nightlife in the villages of Ortisei, Santa Cristina, and Selva Val Gardena. Go to Cortina for that. Instead, you’ll find a relaxing and friendly atmosphere of authentic Alpine hospitality, as well as small lodges and traditional inns serving local cuisine.
People come here for the skiing experiences, such as skiing four runs used for the men’s and women’s downhill and giant slalom World Championship races, with average gradients of more than 25 percent. The new experts-only La Ria run, starting from the Dantercepies cable car, has inclines as great as 52 percent in places.
Along with ample natural snow and state-of-the art grooming. Val Gardena’s infrastructure is top-of-the-line. Its 81 lifts include Italy’s first eight-seater chairlift with heated seats, on the Piz Sella, offering a direct connection to the Sellaronda route.
Val Gardena is included in the Dolomiti SuperSki pass, allowing access to 11 other resorts in the region.
10. Zugspitze, Germany
Rising to 2,962 meters, Zugspitze is Germany’s highest mountain, and its popularity with skiers is enhanced by the beautiful Bavarian town of Garmisch- Partenkirchen at its foot. From its summit, which can now be accessed by a new cable car, extends a 360-degree panorama that reaches as far as 250 kilometers and includes mountain peaks in four countries.
From the top of the lifts, you can ski the glacier, 2,700 meters above sea level – so high that it is often above clouds that cover the valley skies.
All levels of skiers will find plenty of choices in the 40 kilometers of trails at the Garmisch-Classic ski area, interlinked across three mountains: Hausberg, Kreuzeck, and Alpspitze. For extreme challenges, there’s the famed Kandahar Downhill and other courses that were used in the 1936 Winter Olympics and since then for the International Alpine Skiing Championships. This year’s Men’s Slalom, Women’s Downhill, and Super G races will be held in Garmisch-Partenkirchen.
A popular Olympic legacy is the Ice Stadium used for the 1936 winter games, now open for public skating. You can take lessons here at all levels, including speed skating and ice dancing. The area around Garmisch-Partenkirchen is networked with cross-country ski and snowshoe trails, and surrounded by spectacular Alpine views.
11. Courmayeur, Italy
Combining the challenges of terrain best suited to experts and intermediates with the glamour of the most haute Swiss and French ski resorts, Courmayeur is the place to be seen for the upscale ski set from Milan and Turin. The scene will be more subdued this year, with most or all après-ski venues closed.
The setting – and skiing – on the flank of Mont Blanc, the Alps’ highest mountain, is an undeniable draw. With or without skis, ride the Funivie Monte Bianco cable car to the ridgeline for views from the top of Europe. The expert-only pistes from the Arp are unmarked and when they are open at all, you can only ski them with a guide; the same goes for Courmayeur’s abundant off-piste ski terrain.
In nearby Dolonne are slopes suitable for beginners, but this region is better suited to experienced skiers. Nordic skiers, however will love the 20-kilometer network of cross-country trails beginning in Val Ferret, just outside Courmayeur. The surrounding scenery doesn’t get much better. As you might imagine from the clientele, lodging and dining in Courmayeur is pricey.
12. Grindelwald-Wengen and the Jungfrau, Switzerland
The multiple 400-meter-plus peaks of the Jungfrau massif can depend on reliably deep snow, and the ski resorts here are famed for their long runs. The steep slopes and high-altitude valleys offer skiers and boarders a combined total of 206 kilometers of ski runs, with idyllic little Alpine villages of chalets and lodges to come home to after a day in the snow.
From Lauterbrunnen or Grindelwald, you can ride to the Kleine Scheidegg to take the Jungfraubahn railway to the highest railroad station in Europe at 3,454 meters, or ride the funicular and narrow-gauge railroad from Lauterbrunnen to the car-free little village of Mürren for the even more challenging terrain of the Schilthorn, best known for its black-diamond Inferno run.
This is the site of the annual Inferno Race, the world’s biggest amateur ski competition. Dozens of cable cars and lifts will take you to runs as long as 12 kilometers. It’s not all white-knuckle steeps. Slopes close to the Alpine town of Wengen are good for beginning skiers and intermediates, while freestylers will find thrills at the Grindelwald-First superpipe and off-piste terrain.
Trail Ratings in Europe
North American skiers will find some differences in the trail rankings. In Europe, pistes are classified by a color-coded system indicated by blue (easy), red (intermediate), and black (expert) trail signs; note that these are not always coded by shapes. In France, most black trails are not groomed, and elsewhere ungroomed trails may be indicated by dotted or dashed lines.
More Ski Resorts in Europe to Consider
The total number of ski resorts in Europe is staggering, and even the number of full-service, international-class resorts is impressive, so the list above is not to suggest that these are the only places to find fantastic skiing and great winter vacation experiences. These popular resorts are also worth adding to your options.
Méribel, France: Of the several resorts sharing Europe’s largest alpine ski domain, the enormous Les Trois Vallées, Méribel is the favorite for families, who prize its exceptional facilities for beginners and children. Superb natural snowfall and a variety of terrain give it plenty to attract even expert skiers, who get their thrills on a challenging 1,000-meter descent from Mont Vallon, through unparalleled Alpine scenery. More than 20 trails are marked for intermediate skiers, some of them broad cruisers at higher altitudes.
Les Arcs and La Plagne, France: La Plagne and neighboring Les Arcs are part of the Paradiski area, a linked ski domain offering 425 kilometers of high altitude runs. La Plagne’s gentle slopes are best for intermediate and beginning skiers and families, while Les Arcs attracts experienced intermediate skiers; experts head to long black runs, off-piste terrain, and steep couloirs on the Bellecôte glacier. Two terrain parks are designed for different skill levels.
Morzine, France: For the fun of cross-border skiing, few domains match the 12 Portes du Soleil resorts, with seven in France and five in Switzerland, several of them interconnected by lifts and pistes and by a region-wide ticket that includes 660 kilometers of slopes and 197 ski lifts. Morzine is on the French side, with 52 intermediate runs and nine each for beginners and experts.
Madonna di Campiglio, Italy: Resorts in the Brenta Dolomites, north of Verona, are less known than eastern Dolomite resorts, but Madonna di Campiglio offers some of Italy’s best-groomed trails with the chic vibe of Cortina d’Ampezzo. More than 150 kilometers of trails and slopes, accessed by ski lifts right from the center of town, include expert-challenging runs reaching a 70 percent gradient. Die-hards can ski into the night on lighted trails, and the Ursus Snow Park is one of Europe’s best for freestylers.
Verbier, Switzerland: Experts take note: Verbier’s long-distance runs and superb backcountry skiing make it one of the best resorts in the world for off-piste skiing. Add that to the Tortin, one of Europe’s steepest descents. Verbier is part of the Four Valleys ski area, comprising more than 410 kilometers of ski runs accessed by 93 lifts, all on one lift pass.